Us-Taliban Agreement

Both the agreement between the United States and the Taliban and the joint declaration decide to create a lasting ceasefire in Afghanistan as a precondition for a political solution. The agreement set a tentative timetable for the withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan, preventing the Taliban from using international jihadist groups such as Al Qaeda to attack the United States or its allies. The agreement sets out four objectives, the last two depending on the status of the first two: the February pact included the exchange of prisoners, the start of internal negotiations and the lifting of sanctions. The Afghan government did not participate in the February agreement. I followed the progress of the agreement between the United States and the Taliban in my capacity as director of the Center for Afghanistan Studies at the University of Nebraska, Omaha. My analysis has just concluded that the implementation of the Trump administration agreement has stalled. Third, the Taliban and the Afghan government face internal challenges that threaten their cohesion and credibility. The Afghan government is fragile. She was involved internally on Mr.

Ghani`s adoption of the agreement between the United States and the Taliban (in which the Afghan government did not participate) and in negotiations on the controversial outcome of the September 2019 Afghan presidential election. The elections led to months of wists over the results, leading to the termination of Mr. Ghani`s and Abdullah`s presidential oath in March 2020. While the power-sharing agreement reached by Ghani and Abdullah in May 2020 allows Abdullah to lead the High Council for National Reconciliation and appoint half of the Afghan government`s Cabinet members, tensions between Ghani and Abdullah and their respective political camps remain high. Further breakdowns in their relations would threaten the Afghan government`s ability to present a unified front in negotiations with the Taliban. Beyond political tensions at the highest level, the Afghan government is also plagued by a high level of corruption and a strained ability to exercise control outside Kabul and some other major cities. Powerful civil servants, warlords and politicians representing Afghanistan`s largest ethnic minorities can challenge any deal the government is trying to reach with the Taliban. The intra-Afghan negotiations, which lead to tangible peace and a credible power-sharing agreement in Afghanistan, face real challenges. Problems include concerns about the exchange of prisoners; The composition of a future Afghan state and future Afghan government and the reintegration of the Taliban into the Afghan security forces; and the internal cohesion of the Taliban and the Afghan government and whether the Taliban are actually committed to an internal peace process or whether they are using their participation as a negotiating force to promote their own goals.